Republic of South Africa
Background

South Africa is situated at a latitude of approximately 22 to 35 degrees south, at the Southern most tip of Africa.
Throughout the year Standard Time is two hours ahead of Greenwich Meantime.
South Africa is justifiably referred to as "a world in one country". We boast a warm sunny climate all year round. Even our winters are regarded, by most overseas visitors, as mild. Average summer temperatures vary between 24 and 35 degrees Celsius and winter 17 to 23 degrees, depending on the area and altitude.
Certain areas of the Highveld lie at an altitude in excess of 1 800 metres above sea level.
We boast high levels of infrastructure, however, take cognisance of the vast distances that need to be covered when travelling by road. The distance between Johannesburg and Durban is 580 kilometres and the distance between Johannesburg and Cape Town is 1 450 kilometres.
Water.
We are most proud of the fact that the purity of our water ranks within the top five in the world! Indeed, our tap water is drinkable throughout the country.
Currency.
Our official currency is the Rand. There are notes in denominations of R10, R20, R50, R100 and even R200. Smaller denominations are found in coins namely R5, R2, R1 and smaller coins are also available.
Beaches.
South Africa is spoilt with a staggering 3000 kilometres of breathtaking shoreline. Apart from being spectacularly beautiful our seawater ranks amongst the cleanest in the world.
Medical Facilities.
South Africa is rated as a world leader in this regard, especially in our larger cities. However, in our more remote areas this is regrettably not the case. Precautions against malaria are essential.
Dress Code.
Due to the diversity of our population and cultures we have a wide spectrum of dressing. Both formal and informal dress can be seen in most establishments and locations simultaneously.
Business dress codes tend to be formal, however, due to the hot climatic conditions, smart-casual and even casual wear is widely acceptable.
Sun Protection.
Our blazing sun is extremely fierce with a high UV rating. Sun screening products are essential. Sun block with a minimum sun protection factor of 18 is strongly recommended.
Gratuities. (Tipping)
Usually a 10 percent tip is the acceptable norm.
Shopping.
Shopping hours are normally 08.00 to 17.00 weekdays and depending on the area, between 09.00 and 16.00 on weekends.
There is also a large assortment of goods available from informal traders located in and around local shopping centres and bargaining is acceptable when purchasing from these vendors.
Entry Requirements.
The USA, Canada, Japan and the E.U. Countries can visit South Africa without visas.